Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes. Originally a physician, in 1887 he published A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson. In addition, Doyle wrote over fifty short stories featuring the famous detective. The Sherlock Holmes stories are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.
William Oliver Stone is an American writer and filmmaker. Stone won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay as writer of Midnight Express . He also wrote the acclaimed gangster movie Scarface . As a director, Stone achieved prominence as director/writer of the war drama Platoon , for which Stone won the Academy Award for Best Director; the film was awarded Best Picture. Platoon was the first in a trilogy of films based on the Vietnam War, in which Stone served as an infantry soldier. He continued the series with Born on the Fourth of July —for which Stone won his second Best Director Oscar—and Heaven & Earth . Stone's other notable works include the Salvadoran Civil War-based drama Salvador ; the financial drama Wall Street and its 2010 sequel Money Never Sleeps; the Jim Morrison biopic The Doors ; and a trilogy of films based on the American Presidency—JFK , Nixon and W. . His latest film is Snowden .
Diana Nyad /ˈnaɪˌæd/ is an American author, journalist, motivational speaker, and long-distance swimmer. Nyad gained national attention in 1975 when she swam around Manhattan and in 1979 when she swam from North Bimini, The Bahamas, to Juno Beach, Florida . In 2013, on her fifth attempt and at age 64, she became the first person confirmed to swim from Cuba to Florida without the aid of a shark cage, swimming from Havana to Key West . Nyad was also once ranked thirteenth among US women squash players.
Glenn Edward Greenwald is an American journalist and author, best known for his role in a series of reports published by The Guardian newspaper beginning in June 2013, detailing the United States and British global surveillance programs, and based on classified documents disclosed by Edward Snowden. Greenwald and the team he worked with won both a George Polk Award and a Pulitzer Prize for those reports. He has written several best-selling books, including, No Place to Hide.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH was a proponent of Black nationalism in Jamaica and especially the United States. He was a leader of a mass movement called Pan-Africanism and he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League . He also founded the Black Star Line, a shipping and passenger line which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands. Although most American Black leaders condemned his methods and his support for racial segregation, Garvey attracted a large following. The Black Star Line went bankrupt and Garvey was imprisoned for mail fraud in the selling of its stock. His movement then rapidly collapsed.