Elihu Root was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt and as Secretary of War under Roosevelt and President William McKinley. He moved frequently between high-level appointed government positions in Washington, D.C. and private-sector legal practice in New York City. For that reason, he is sometimes considered to be the prototype of the 20th century political "wise man," advising presidents on a range of foreign and domestic issues. He was elected by the state legislature as a U.S. Senator from New York and served one term, 1909–1915. Root was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy , commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and much of his presidency focused on managing relations with the Soviet Union. A member of the Democratic Party, Kennedy represented the state of Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate prior to becoming president.
Barbara Ann Mikulski is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Maryland from 1987 to 2017. In January 2017, Mikulski joined Johns Hopkins University as a professor of public policy and adviser to university President Ronald J. Daniels. A member of the Democratic Party, she also served in the United States House of Representatives from 1977 to 1987. She is the longest-serving woman in the history of the United States Congress and is the longest-serving senator in Maryland history.