Sir Isaac Newton PRS was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution. His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica , first published in 1687, laid the foundations of classical mechanics. Newton also made pathbreaking contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus.

Birth: 1643-01-04

Died: 1727-03-31

Nickname: Isaac Newton

Known for: Newtonian mechanics, Universal gravitation, Calculus, Newton's laws of motion, Optics, Binomial series, Principia, Newton's method