Xenophon of Athens was an ancient Greek philosopher, historian, soldier, mercenary, and student of Socrates. As a historian, Xenophon is known for recording the history of his contemporary time, the late-5th and early-4th centuries BC, in such works as the Hellenica, about the final seven years and the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War , a thematic continuation of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. As one of the Ten Thousand , he also participated in Cyrus the Younger's failed campaign to claim the Persian throne from his brother Artaxerxes II of Persia and recounted the events in Anabasis, his most notable history. Like Plato , Xenophon is an authority on Socrates, about whom he wrote several books of dialogues and an Apology of Socrates to the Jury, which recounts the philosopher's trial in 399 BC.

Birth: c. 430 BC

Died: 354 BC (aged approx. 76)

Nickname: Xenophon

Occupation: Historian, soldier, mercenary

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