- Name: J. Robert Oppenheimer
- Born: 04/22/1904
- Died: 02/18/1967 (62 years old)
- Known for: Nuclear weapons development, Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff limit, Oppenheimer–Phillips process, Born–Oppenheimer approximation
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (//; April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the “father of the atomic bomb” for their role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II undertaking that developed the first nuclear weapons. The first atomic bomb was successfully detonated on July 16, 1945, in the Trinity test in New Mexico. Oppenheimer later remarked that it brought to mind words from the Bhagavad Gita: “Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.” In August 1945, the weapons were used in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Awards: Enrico Fermi Award
School: Harvard College, Christ’s College, Cambridge, University of Göttingen
Birth Place: New York City, New York, U.S.
Death Place: Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
J. Robert Oppenheimer quotes :
The optimist thinks this is the best of all possible worlds. The pessimist fears it is true.J. Robert Oppenheimer