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Mary McLeod Bethune

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Mary McLeod Bethune
  • Name: Mary McLeod Bethune
  • Born: 07/10/1875
  • Died: 05/18/1955 (79 years old)
  • Occupation: Educator, Author, and African American civil rights leader

Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian, womanist, and civil rights activist. Bethune founded the National Council for Negro Women in 1935, established the organization’s flagship journal Aframerican Women’s Journal, and resided as president or leader for myriad African American women’s organizations including the National Association for Colored Women and the National Youth Administration’s Negro Division. She also was appointed as a national adviser to president Franklin D. Roosevelt, whom she worked with to create the Federal Council on Negro Affairs, also known as the Black Cabinet. She is well known for starting a private school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida; it later continued to develop as Bethune-Cookman University. Bethune was the sole African American woman officially a part of the US delegation that created the United Nations charter, and she held a leadership position for the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. For her lifetime of activism, she was deemed “acknowledged First Lady of Negro America” by Ebony magazine in July 1949 and was known by the Black Press as the “Female Booker T. Washington”. She was known as “The First Lady of The Struggle” because of her commitment to gain better lives for African Americans.

Birth Name: Mary Jane McLeod

Alias: Mary Jane McLeod

Birth Place: Mayesville, South Carolina, U.S.

Death Place: Daytona Beach, Florida, U.S.

Source: Wikipedia

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